Who or What is the Holy Spirit

Jesus last words to his disciples were:

Matt. 28:19, 20

19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,

20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”

The word “name” is singular and yet three are said to wear it.  If the Holy Spirit were not a person, he would not wear the name of the Father and the Son, and would not be associated in this way with the Father and the Son if he were not in some way equal to them.  No human name was ever associated in this way with the Father and the Son.

To be baptized into the name of the Father and of the Son is to render an act of worshipful obedience to them.  That being true, we render an act of worshipful obedience to the Holy Spirit at the same time and to the same degree.  If the Holy Spirit is less than God, and if baptism is an act of worshipful obedience, we would be guilty of idolatry to offer that worshipful obedience to the Holy Spirit.

But since Jesus commanded it, we know it is not idolatry, and so we conclude that the Holy Spirit is a person of the Godhead.

The Scriptures tell us that the “Spirit of the LORD” came upon David:

1 Sam. 16:13

13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.

In 1 Sam. 18 the Scripture tell us:

1 Sam. 18:12

12 Now Saul was afraid of David, for the LORD was with him but had departed from Saul.

Both statement mean the same thing.  We have an example of this in the New Testament.  Acts 5:4 tells us that Ananias lied to God:

Acts 5:4

4 “While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.”

In the same context, verse 3 tells us that he lied to the Holy Spirit.

Acts 5:3

3* But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back some of the price of the land?

In these verses the terms Holy Spirit and God are used interchangeably.

The Holy Spirit has the attributes of deity.

For example, eternity is an attribute of deity, and the Holy Spirit is said to be eternal.

Heb. 9:14

14* how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

The Holy Spirit knows the mind of God:

1 Cor. 2:10, 11

10 For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God.

11 For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so the thoughts of God no one knows except the Spirit of God.

Since the mind of God is infinite, it takes an infinite mind to know God’s mind.

The Holy Spirit was active in creation.

Gen. 1:2

2 The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

Psalm 104:30

30 You send forth Your Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the ground.

The Holy Spirit will give life to our mortal bodies in the resurrection:

Rom. 8:11

11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

The Holy Spirit is omnipresent:

Psalm 139:7

7 Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence?

1 Cor. 6:19

19 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?

The Spirit must be omnipresent to dwell in the bodies of all the children of God on earth at any one time.

These are attributes of deity –  

The Holy Spirit:

  • Is Eternal
  • Knows the Mind of God
  • Was active in Creation
  • Will give life to our mortal bodies in the Resurrection
  • Is Omnipresent

Since the Holy Spirit possesses these attributes, we know Him to be God, a person of the Godhead.

In the Bible the Work of the Holy Spirit involves a number of things, principally in the production of the Word.  The Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit directed the writing of the Bible.  David said:

2 Sam. 23:2

2 “The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, And His word was on my tongue.

Jesus said that David spoke by the Spirit:

Matt. 22:43, 44

43* He *said to them, “Then how does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying,


The apostles said that David spoke by the Spirit:

Acts 4:25

25* who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, said, ‘WHY DID THE GENTILES RAGE, AND THE PEOPLES DEVISE FUTILE THINGS?

When Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth, he read from Isaiah 61 and said that the prophet was writing about him and the scripture was fulfilled in him that day.

Isaiah 61:1

61:1 ¶ The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, Because the LORD has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives And freedom to prisoners;

Luke 4:16-21

16 And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read.

17 And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. And He opened the book and found the place where it was written,



20 And He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him.

21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

If Isaiah had not been writing as the Spirit moved him, he would not have written of Jesus who lived eight hundred years after his time.

Peter says the Old Testament writers wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit:

2 Pet. 1:20, 21

20 But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation,

21 for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

Paul said that all scripture is given by inspiration:

2 Tim. 3:16

16 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;

The apostles claimed that the gospel they preached and wrote came to them from God:

Gal. 1:11, 12

11 For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man.

12 For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.

Eph. 3:5

5 which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

Peter says that the gospel preached by the apostles was given to them by the holy spirit:

1 Pet. 1:12

12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven–things into which angels long to look.

So the whole Bible is the work of the Holy Spirit, moving men to write the messages which God had for his people.

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