Q. Is it scriptural for a congregation without elders to appoint men to a "steering committee" who then constitute themselves into a "board of directors" and claim the right to oversee a congregation?
We who claim to adhere to the New Testament must find authority for any and all organizations that we form in the church of Christ.
2 Tim. 3:16-17 (NAS95)
16* All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; 17* so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.
Now, if we believe in what these verses tell us, we will follow the pattern given to us in Scripture.
Within a congregation with or without elders men may be appointed to a "steering committee" to help in the decision making process. These men are appointed the task of gathering information so that the congregation can make an informed decision on the matter at hand. The "committee" has no authority to make the decision, they simply gather information to be given to the congregation.
Such a "committee" has no spiritual significance and must not be confused with the divine organization established in the New Testament.
The New Testament is very clear about the organization of the church.
23* When they had appointed elders for them in every church, having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed. In the New Testament it is the elders, and the elders alone, who are given authority to "oversee" a congregation.
The Overseers, Bishops, Elders, Pastors must possess the qualifications listed in 1 Tim. 3:1-7. Their work is described in 1 Peter 5:1-5. Men lacking the qualifications given in Scripture are not permitted to serve as "overseers." These are God's requirements, not man's.
17* Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they keep watch over your souls as those who will give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with grief, for this would be unprofitable for you.
Only "elders" are given this role by the Scriptures. Therefore we must be very careful to establish only a scriptural organization in the local church.