Does God have a future plan for the nation of Israel?

Q. Does God have a future plan for the nation of Israel, and spcifically for the Jews as a race of people?

We begin by reading Scripture:

Lev. 26:40-46

40 ¶ ‘If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me–

41 I also was acting with hostility against them, to bring them into the land of their enemies–or if their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled so that they then make amends for their iniquity,

42 then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember the land.

43 ‘For the land will be abandoned by them, and will make up for its sabbaths while it is made desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making amends for their iniquity, because they rejected My ordinances and their soul abhorred My statutes.

44 ‘Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, nor will I so abhor them as to destroy them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God.

45 ‘But I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am the LORD.’”

46 These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which the LORD established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai.

The teaching is very clear here.  At the time of the writing of Leviticus the Jews would be scattered throughout the earth and would be punished for their sins, but there would come a time, future to Moses’ day, that God would renew his promise to them to bring them into the promised land.

Another passage is a little later in Old Testament History

Deut. 30:1

30:1 ¶ “So it shall be when all of these things have come upon you, the blessing and the curse which I have set before you, and

you call them to mind in all nations where the LORD your God has banished you,

2 and you return to the LORD your God and obey Him with all your heart and soul according to all that I command you today, you and your sons,

3 then the LORD your God will restore you from captivity, and have compassion on you, and will gather you again from all the peoples where the LORD your God has scattered you.

4 “If your outcasts are at the ends of the earth, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you back.

5 “The LORD your God will bring you into the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it; and He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers.

6 “Moreover the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you may live.

Amos 9:15

15 “I will also plant them on their land, And they will not again be rooted out from their land Which I have given them,” Says the LORD your God.

Jeremiah 30:3

3 ‘For behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will restore the fortunes of My people Israel and Judah.’ The LORD says, ‘I will also bring them back to the land that I gave to their forefathers and they shall possess it.’”

Jeremiah 30:11

11 ‘For I am with you,’ declares the LORD, ‘to save you; For I will destroy completely all the nations where I have scattered you, Only I will not destroy you completely. But I will chasten you justly And will by no means leave you unpunished.’

There are numerous other Old Testament passages that could be cited (which you can find at our web site, ScripturesSay.com) — God is saying, I’m going to allow the Jews to be scattered, but the time’s going to come when I will call them all back together.

There is also one passage in the New Testament which is frequently cited:

Romans 11:26-27

26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “THE DELIVERER WILL COME FROM ZION, HE WILL REMOVE UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB.”

27 “THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM, WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.”

The claim is that God is going to restore the nation of Israel, and gather all the Jews together. Is that a future prophecy that you and I are waiting to see fulfilled?

It is important as always that you and I look at scripture in context. And I want you to consider again just two or three of those passages in context and let scripture interpret scripture. That’s the best principle for understanding the Bible.

For example, Leviticus 26:40-45 This scripture was fulfilled in the Babylonian exile of the Jews. 

How do you know it was fulfilled in the Babylonian exile? Listen to 2 Chronicles 36:21, here’s what it says,

2 Chron. 36:11-21

11 ¶ Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.

12 He did evil in the sight of the LORD his God; he did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet who spoke for the LORD.

13 He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar who had made

him swear allegiance by God. But he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the LORD God of Israel.

14 Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful following all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of the LORD which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.

15 The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place;

16 but they continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy.

17 Therefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave them all into his hand.

18 All the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought them all to Babylon.

19 Then they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles.

20 Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia,

21 to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.

That exile occurred in 586 B.C. It uses the same language used in Leviticus 26. The land is going to enjoy the Sabbath rest while they are being desolated. It was prophesied, and it was  fulfilled. The same thing is true with regard to the prophecy found in Jeremiah.  It has been fulfilled.

The passages in Deuteronomy regarding the Jews being scattered and brought back home. It happened. It happened a long time ago. Consider this section of the scriptures following what we have just read in 2 Chronicles.

2 Chron. 36:22-23

22 ¶ Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia–in order to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah–the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying,

23 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the LORD his God be with him, and let him go up!’”

Now, without stoping here in 2 Chronicles we can begin reading in Ezra chapter One where we have a continuation of this account:

Ezra 1:1-4

1:1 ¶ Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying:

2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah.

3 ‘Whoever there is among you of all His people, may his God be with him! Let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel; He is the God who is in Jerusalem.

4 ‘Every survivor, at whatever place he may live, let the men of that place support him with silver and gold, with goods and cattle, together with a freewill offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.’”

They came back and they inhabited the land that was promised to them. Now the point is, scripture interprets itself. It tells us that the passage about the Jews returning to their homeland has been fulfilled at the time the Jews returned from the 586 BC exile in Babylon.

Is God still going to resurrect Israel? Let’s see what the New Testament says. Galatians 3:26-29,

Gal. 3:26-29

26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.

27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.

28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.

29 And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, heirs according to promise.

The New Testament teaches us that the day’s gone where God’s going to use the ethnic group of Jews, we are all Israel today, is you are Abraham’s descendants, you are heirs according to the promise.

Paul in writing to the Roman church said:

Romans 4:16

16 For this reason it is by faith, in order that it may be in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,

Jew or Gentile, we’re the children of Abraham how? Through faith. Romans 10:4

Rom 10:4

“For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

Distinctions are no longer made by race or nation, all who believe, both Jew and Gentile are acceptable to God through faith in Jesus Christ.  All are welcome.

One additional passage we need to see.

Rom. 11:25-27

25 For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery–so that you will not be wise in your own estimation–that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in;

26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “THE DELIVERER WILL COME FROM ZION, HE WILL REMOVE UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB.”

27 “THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM, WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.”

26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “THE DELIVERER WILL COME FROM ZION, HE WILL REMOVE UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB.”

27 “THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM, WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.”

Rather than teaching something future to our time Paul is telling us what is happening in our day.  The “partial hardening” (verse 25) that happened to Physical Israel allow for the Gentiles (you and me) to have an opportunity to hear the gospel and become part of Spiritual Israel.  In other words, since the Jews rejected Jesus as their Messiah we Gentiles have the opportunity to become part of the Kingdom of God.  God’s Covenant with Spiritual Israel is “to take away their sins” (verse 27) and God did that when “the Deliverer CAME from Zion” (verse 26), in other words, when Jesus died on the cross.  All Israel is a reference to Spiritual Israel comprised of both Jews and Gentiles.

And that’s why Peter said in Acts 10:34-35 when the kingdom was expanded to the Gentiles, I see that God shows no favoritism among men. That’s what Jesus Christ died for and for you and I to assume that some group of people because of a blood type or genetic features will be raised up to be his chosen ones again for us to assume that would be to spit on the very sacrifice that Jesus made.

In Acts chapter 1, verse 6, when Jesus was resurrected, he was just about to be ascended up into heaven, do you remember? And the disciples after all this asked him one more time they looked at him and said,

Acts 1:6-8

6 ¶ So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?”

7 He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority;

8 but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.”

You see the diciples were still looking for a physical return of the Kingdom.

What Jesus is telling his diciples is this.  It’s time for the spiritual Kingdom to be established.  You’ve got to get the physical concepts out of your mind.  My Kingdom is “not of this World.”  It is going to be a spritual Kingdom, not a territorial kingdom, it’s an international Kingdom, not a national kingdom.  It is comprised of many nations, not one nation.

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