Did Jesus Go to Hell?

In the King James Version of the bible, there are several words translated hell which is misleading. The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew, except for a small portion of Daniel and Ezra which was written in Chaldee-Aramaic.

In the OT the original word for the abode of the dead was Sh@’owl (pronounced sheh-ole). The KJV translates this word sometimes as ‘the grave’, Gen 37:35, Gen 42:38.

Job 7:9. Sometimes it is translated as ‘hell’, meaning the abode of the dead, Job 11:8, Job 26:6, Psalm 9:17, Ps 16:10.

The New Testament was originally written in Koine Greek, and there are several different words with different meanings which the KJV translates as hell.

The Greek word (adou) translated hades, means the abode of all departed spirits or the abode of all the dead. However hades is divided and the part of hades where the righteous dead abide is called Paradise. The Jews called the abode of the righteous dead, the Bosom of Abraham, Luke 16:19-31.

Luke 23:43, And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

When Christ died on the cross he went into Paradise, that part of Hades where the righteous dead abide, and He was there until He arose from the dead the first day of the week, Matt 28:1.

Acts 2:22-32 Shows Christ went into Hades until God raised Him from the dead and set Him at His own right hand.

The Greek word for the place of eternal punishment is Gehenna. It is different from Hades but the KJV translates it as Hell.

Matt 5:22 KJV, But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

The Greek word for hell fire is Gehenna and it means the place of eternal punishment after the judgment.

There is another Greek word used in 2 Pet. 2 where it speaks of the angels being cast down to ‘ tartaroo or tartarus’, this is another term meaning the same as Gehenna.

2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;

To sum it up Hades in the NT means the abode of all departed spirits.

Speaking of death Solomon said;

Ecclesiastes 12:7, then the dust will return to the earth as it was, and the spirit will return to God who gave it.

Read Luke 16:19-31

The Greek word for paradise, (Paradeisos) means; a park, an eden, a place of future happiness.

Luke 23:43, And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

2 Cor 12:2, I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago-whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows-such a man was caught up to the third heaven.

3 And I know how such a man-whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows-

4 was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak.

Rev 2:7, He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of God.’

After the final Judgment Hades will cease to exist because the righteous will be in Heaven or the Paradise of God and the wicked will be in Gehenna.

The scripture that shows Christ went to Hades;

Luke 23:43, And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

Acts 2:22, Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know-

23 this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.

24 But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.

25 For David says of Him,

‘I saw the Lord always in my presence;

For He is at my right hand, so that I will not be shaken.

26 ‘Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted;

Moreover my flesh also will live in hope;

27 Because You will not abandon my soul to Hades,

Nor allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.

28 ‘You have made known to me the ways of life;

You will make me full of gladness with Your presence.’

29 Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.

30 And so, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne,

31 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay.

32 This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.

There is nothing said about Christ releasing the righteous from Hades and taking them to the Father in heaven.

The Roman Catholic Church has their doctrine of purgatory but it does not harmonize with what the scripture says.

Some interpret 1 Peter 3:18-20 as referring to Christ going to Hades after His death, but careful reading will show he went and preached by the Spirit to those who were locked up in sin in the days of Noah. Christ preached via the Spirit through Noah while the Ark was being prepared.

Christ was really in Hades from the time of His death until He arose early the first day of the week, Matt 28:1.

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