Are Parables True Stories?

Q. When I was in catechism, I one time asked my preacher if everything in the Bible was true, and he said not really, they are all more or less parables–stories to learn from, that have morals, and such. Is this true, and if so, where does the Bible say or imply that? It seems like it should be true…it makes sense, in a lot of ways.

A parable is a short, simple story designed to communicate a spiritual truth, religious principle, or moral lesson; a figure of speech in which truth is illustrated by a comparison or example drawn from everyday experiences.

A parable in the New Testament was used to illustrate a truth. The recording of the parable and the truth it illustrated are true and inspired of God.

2 Timothy 3:16-17
16* All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;
17* so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.

Matthew 13
3* And He spoke many things to them in parables, saying, “Behold, the sower went out to sow;
4* and as he sowed, some seeds fell beside the road, and the birds came and ate them up.
5* “Others fell on the rocky places, where they did not have much soil; and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil.
6* “But when the sun had risen, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
7* “Others fell among the thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them out.
8* “And others fell on the good soil and yielded a crop, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.
9* “He who has ears, let him hear.”
10* And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”
11* Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.
12* For whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him.
13* Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.
14* In their case the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, “YOU WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT WILL NOT UNDERSTAND; YOU WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE;
15* FOR THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL, WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR, AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES, OTHERWISE THEY WOULD SEE WITH THEIR EYES, HEAR WITH THEIR EARS, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN, AND I WOULD HEAL THEM.”
16* But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear.
17* For truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.
18* Hear then the parable of the sower.
19* When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is the one on whom seed was sown beside the road.
20* The one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the man who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy;
21* yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.
22* And the one on whom seed was sown among the thorns, this is the man who hears the word, and the worry of the world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.
23* And the one on whom seed was sown on the good soil, this is the man who hears the word and understands it; who indeed bears fruit and brings forth, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.”

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